Samson Wertheimer

Samson Wertheimer

männlich 1658 - 1724  (66 Jahre)

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  • Name Samson Wertheimer 
    Geboren 17 Jan 1658  Worms, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort 
    Geschlecht männlich 
    Occupation/Beruf Kaufmann, Bankier 
    Occupation/Beruf Oberrabbiner von Ungarn und Mähren, Rabbiner von Eisenstadt 
    Residence Wien, Wien, Österreich Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort 
    Residence Unterbergstraße 6, Eisenstadt, Burgenland, Österreich Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort 
    Lebenslauf Samson Wertheimer wurde am 17. Januar 1658 in Worms geboren.Wertheimer, auch Wertheimber genannt, zog 1684 nach Wien, wo er durch Vermittlung von Samuel Oppenheimer (1653–1703), dem damaligen Wiener Hofjuden und „Fugger seiner Zeit“ zu den Finanzgeschäften am Wiener Hof zugelassen wurde. Gemeinsam mit Oppenheimer unterstützte er Kaiser Leopold I. während des Spanischen Erbfolgekrieges. Nach dem Tode Oppenheimers wurde er der alleinige Kreditgeber der österreichischen Regierung und zum kaiserlichen Hoffaktor ernannt. Er verfügte über ein großes talmudisches Wissen und besaß den Titel eines ungarischen Landesrabbiners. Nach Abschluss der Zweiten Wiener Türkenbelagerung lebte er in Wien und gründete dort eine der reichsten und angesehensten Familien des Heiligen Römischen Reiches. Da aber seit 1670 eine jüdische Gemeinde in Wien nicht mehr zugelassen war (siehe Juden in Wien), übte er die rabbinischen Funktionen in Eisenstadt aus, das zu den sieben Gemeinden gehörte, in denen auf Einladung von Paul I. Fürst Esterházy jüdisches Leben willkommen war. Sein Haus in Eisenstadt beherbergt heute das Österreichische Jüdische Museum.
    Eine Tochter Samson Wertheimers lebte in Frankfurt am Main und war mit dem Bankier Moses Löb Isaak zur Kann aus der einflussreichsten Frankfurter jüdischen Familie der Kanns verheiratet. Zu den Schülern von Samsom Wertheimer gehörte der Talmudist und Kabbalist Jonathan Eybeschütz.
    1708 zog sich Samson Wertheimer vom Geldgeschäft zurück und übergab es an seinen Sohn Wolf Wertheimer.
    Nach dem Großbrand in der Frankfurter Judengasse vom 14. Januar 1711 wollte Samson Wertheimer für seinen Stiefsohn Isaac Nathan Oppenheimer ein vierstöckiges, massives, steinernes Haus in Frankfurt erbauen. Fünf Jahre lang verweigerte der Rat der Stadt die Baugenehmigung. Erst 1717 konnte, auf mehrfachem Druck des Kaisers, mit dem Bau begonnen werden. 1887 wurde es abgerissen.
    Samson Wertheimer starb am 6. August 1724 in Wien. Bis ins 19. Jahrhundert blieben die Wertheimers führend im Geldhandel. Die Bank E. & L. Wertheimer gehörte zu den wichtigsten Banken der Stadt. Auch ist eine neugotische, großbürgerliche Villa Wertheimer in Frankfurt am Main in der Zeppelinallee 69 bis heute erhalten.

    Quelle:
    http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samson_Wertheimer (Stand: 16.3.2013) 
    Biography Samson Wertheimer was born in Worms on January 17, 1658, the son of Joseph Josel Wertheimer (1626 - May 2, 1713). He received his education at the yeshivas of Worms and Frankfurt am Main.
    Wertheimer arrived in Vienna on December 2, 1684, and associated himself with the banker Samuel Oppenheimer, sharing the latter's privilege of residence. During the absence of Oppenheimer, Wertheimer represented him in transactions with the Austrian government. Wertheimer soon gained the confidence of Emperor Leopold I, who presented a portrait of himself to Wertheimer and his son Wolf, and on December 15, 1701, followed this gift with another of 1,000 ducats for the financier's success in obtaining for the daughter of the King of Poland a dowry of 1,000,000 florins from her father upon her marriage to Leopold's brother-in-law Duke Charles Philip.

    In the Spanish War of Succession Wertheimer united with Samuel Oppenheimer to procure the money necessary for the equipment of the imperial army and for the supply of provisions. After Oppenheimer's failure, and his sudden death in 1703, Wertheimer maintained the credit of the state and found new sources of income. On August 29, 1703, the emperor appointed him court factor, and extended for twenty years his privileges of free religious worship, denizenship, and immunity from taxation. Joseph I, who succeeded his father on May 5, 1705, confirmed Wertheimer's title and privileges.

    Under Emperor Joseph I, Wertheimer maintained his position as a financier and creditor of the state. He was in personal relations with Prince Eugene of Savoy, to whom he paid 300,000 florins promised by Joseph I, Charles VI. adding another 100,000 florins. During the Turkish war Wertheimer made large loans to the government. The title of "Landesrabbiner", which the Jews of Hungary had bestowed on Wertheimer, was made effective by Charles VI. (August 26, 1711). Wertheimer, according to a contemporary account of one of his relatives, Abraham Levi, was called the "Juden Kaiser." Ten imperial soldiers stood as sentinels before his house. He possessed many of the palaces and gardens in Vienna, and numerous estates and houses in Germany, e.g., in Frankfurt am Main, Worms, and other cities. He established schools, and distributed large amounts of money in Europe and in the Holy Land. Alien Jews were not allowed to remain over night in Vienna without a written permit from him.

    Rabbinical knowledge

    Wertheimer did not discontinue his rabbinical studies. In a manuscript volume he left a number of derashot that he had delivered in the private synagogue in his house; these show considerable Talmudic erudition. He delivered many funeral sermons on the deaths of distinguished rabbis, as Simchah Cohen and David ben Israel, rabbi of Trebitsch and son-in-law of Rabbi Menachem Krochmal, Rabbi of Nikolsburg. From far and near, questions of religion, particularly of ritual, were submitted to him and to the rabbinical court over which he presided; and to the latter he called such great authorities as Jacob Eliezer Braunschweig, Simeon ben Judah Löb Jalles of Kraków, and Alexander ben Menahem ha-Levi of Prossnitz.

    As patron of the arts

    Moses Meïr Perls, for many years Wertheimer's secretary and almoner, mentions him in his "Megillat Sefer" (1709) as "a rabbi of great congregations in Israel." In some works Wertheimer is called "rabbi of Prague and Bohemia"; but he did not accept this title, as may be seen in an edition of Alfasi (Frankfurt-am-Main, 1699–1700). His reputation spread even to the Orient, where he was described as a "prince of the Holy Land" and given the title of "rabbi of Hebron and Safed". His native city also honored him with the title of rabbi. Many authors sought his "approbation", but only in a few cases did he give it, e.g., in Moses ben Menahem's Va-Yachal Mosheh, and Rabbi Yair Bacharach's "Chavath Yair." He contributed liberally toward the publication of such works as "Chavath Yair" (in which his name appears with that of Samuel Oppenheimer), Rabbi Yehudah ben Nisan's "Beth Yehudah", Rabbi Gershon Ashkenazi's "Avodath ha-Gershuni" and "Tif'ereth ha-Gershuni" (in which David Oppenheimer also is mentioned). He and his son-in-law Moses Kann bore the greater part of the expense of printing the Babylonian Talmud in Frankfurt-am-Main in 1712-22; this excellent edition was confiscated and for thirty years kept under lock and key (see Kann, Moses). (see image) Tombstone of Samson Wertheimer at Vienna.(From a photograph.)

    When Eisenmenger's Entdecktes Judenthum appeared in Frankfurt in 1700, Wertheimer addressed to Emperor Leopold a petition in which he warned of the grave dangers which it would bring upon the Jews. Accordingly the 2,000 copies of the book were confiscated, and for years its sale was forbidden.

    When, in consequence of Rákóczy's insurrection (1708), the Jewish congregation of Eisenstadt had been dispersed and the wealthier members had taken refuge in Vienna, Wertheimer persuaded them to return or to help their poorer brethren rebuild the congregation. He himself built for them in Eisenstadt a house and an attractive synagogue, still called "Samson's Schule." He lent his aid also in establishing about forty congregations in Hungary. In Frankfurt-am-Main he founded and richly endowed a Talmudical school, at whose head was his son-in-law Moses Kann.

    Legacy

    By the marriages of his children Wertheimer became connected with the most prominent families of Austria and Germany. His stepson Isaac Nathan Oppenheimer married a daughter of the wealthy purveyor Pösing; his eldest son, Wolf, married a daughter of Emanuel Oppenheimer.

    Wertheimer died, aged 66, on August 6, 1724, in Vienna.

    Wolf was an active agent in his father's financial transactions, and shared his dignity as court factor. He later experienced great reverses of fortune, however. Having invested a large part of his wealth in loans to the Bavarian government, the stipulated terms of repayment were not kept, and bankruptcy stared him in the face. For a time he was able to pay only half of the interest on the 150,000 florins which Samson Wertheimer had donated to charity, and of which Wolf was trustee. On his father's donation of 22,000 florins in favor of the German Jews in Palestine he did not pay any interest after 1733. His embarrassment was ended by Elector Maximilian, who liquidated his debts. In his will (1762) Wolf declared that, although entailing a great loss upon him, he accepted this liquidation in order to do justice to his creditors. Further, he enjoined his children to pay in full his father's donation of 22,000 florins, although in 1759 he (Wolf) had returned to the Frankfurt congregation 10,000 florins which it had contributed to this fund.

    In 1769 the grandchildren of Samson Wertheimer secured the donation of 150,000 florins, and Wolf's heirs added thereto 40,000 florins, in compensation for unpaid interest. These two foundations at Vienna and Jerusalem still keep alive the name of Wertheimer.

    Samson's second son, Löb, married a daughter of Issachar ha-Levi Bermann of Halberstadt, a relative of Leffman Behrens, court Jew of Hanover; thus the three great "shetadlanin" were closely connected. Samson's sons-in-law were: R. Moses Kann of Frankfurt-on-the-Main; Issacbar Berush Eskeles, father of the Vienna banker Bernhard Eskeles; Joseph, son of R. David Oppenheimer; and Seligmann Berend Kohn, called Solomon of Hamburg. His youngest son, Joseph Josel (b. 1718), married a daughter of his stepbrother Wolf. Joseph died in Vienna (1761), where he was reportedly greatly esteemed for his charity and Talmudic learning.

    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samson_Wertheimer (Stand: 16.3.2013) 
    Gestorben 06 Aug 1724  Wien, Wien, Österreich Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort 
    Notizen 
    Personen-Kennung I16179 
    Zuletzt bearbeitet am 18 Mrz 2013 

    Vater Joseph (Josel) Wertheim,   geb. um 1626, Worms, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort,   gest. 02 Mai 1713  (Alter ~ 87 Jahre) 
    Mutter Juedchen ?,   gest. 1650 
    Familien-Kennung F33062  Familienblatt

    Familie 1 Veronica Frumet Brilin (Brillin),   geb. 15 Mrz 1658,   gest. 24 Apr 1715  (Alter 57 Jahre) 
    Verheiratet 1680 
    Kinder 
     1. Serchen Wertheimer,   geb. Wien, Wien, Österreich Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort,   gest. 09 Mrz 1739, Hannover, Niedersachsen, Deutschland Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort
     2. Wolf Simon Wertheimer,   geb. um 1681, Wien, Wien, Österreich Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort,   gest. 12 Jan 1765, München, Bayern, Deutschland Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort  (Alter ~ 84 Jahre)
     3. Chava Rivka Wertheimer,   geb. 1691,   gest. 31 Aug 1749, Wien, Wien, Österreich Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort  (Alter 58 Jahre)
     4. Jehuda Löb Wertheimer,   geb. um 1698,   gest. 12 Feb 1763  (Alter ~ 65 Jahre)
    +5. Sarah Wertheimer,   gest. 17 Jul 1724
     6. Chana Miriam Wertheimer,   geb. 1700,   gest. 5 Feb 1738, Altona, Hamburg, Hamburg, Deutschland Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort  (Alter 38 Jahre)
     7. Josef Joel Wertheimer,   geb. 1718,   gest. 1718  (Alter 0 Jahre)
     8. Tolze Wertheimer,   geb. Wien, Wien, Österreich Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort,   gest. 17 Jul 1739
     9. Isaac Wertheimer,   geb. ?,   gest. ?
    Zuletzt bearbeitet am 17 Sep 2015 
    Familien-Kennung F33051  Familienblatt

    Familie 2 Merle Schiff,   gest. 03 Mrz 1726, Wien, Wien, Österreich Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort 
    Verheiratet um 1716 
    Kinder 
     1. Joseph Simon Wertheimer,   geb. 09 Apr 1716,   gest. 11 Dez 1761, Wien, Wien, Österreich Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort  (Alter 44 Jahre)
    Zuletzt bearbeitet am 16 Mrz 2013 
    Familien-Kennung F33053  Familienblatt

  • Ereignis-Karte
    Link zu Google MapsGeboren - 17 Jan 1658 - Worms, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland Link zu Google Earth
    Link zu Google MapsResidence - - Wien, Wien, Österreich Link zu Google Earth
    Link zu Google MapsResidence - - Unterbergstraße 6, Eisenstadt, Burgenland, Österreich Link zu Google Earth
    Link zu Google MapsGestorben - 06 Aug 1724 - Wien, Wien, Österreich Link zu Google Earth
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  • Dokumente
    Porträt Samson Wertheimers
    Porträt Samson Wertheimers
    Porträt Samson Wertheimers, um 1700




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