Oscar Ulysses Zerk (Zerkowitz)

Oscar Ulysses Zerk (Zerkowitz)

männlich 16 Mai 1878 - 08 Dez 1968  (90 Jahre)

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  • Name Oscar Ulysses Zerk (Zerkowitz) 
    Geboren 16 Mai 1878  Wien, Wien, Österreich Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort 
    Geschlecht männlich 
    Emigration von 1901 bis 1905  Bradford, England, Großbritannien Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort 
    Residence von 1905 bis 1913  Wien, Wien, Österreich Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort 
    Emigration von 31 Okt 1913 bis 1914  Cleveland, Ohio, United States (USA) Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort 
    via New York 
    Event von 1914 bis 1918  Wien, Wien, Österreich Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort 
    Kriegsdienst in der österreichischen Armee. 
    Emigration 15 Sep 1920  New York City, New York, United States (USA) Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort 
    Ankunft mit dem Schiff "Rotterdam". 
    Occupation/Beruf Erfinder, Ingenieur 
    Residence 1921  Cleveland, Ohio, United States (USA) Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort 
    Residence nach 1921 bis 1938  Chicago, Illinois, United States (USA) Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort 
    Residence von 1939 bis 1968  Cooper Road Estate, Kenosha, Wisconsin, United States (USA) Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort 
    Biography Oscar Zerkowitz was born on may 16 1878 in Vienna. When he emigrated to the United States he changed his name to "Oscar Ulysses Zerk" and became a world-famous inventor. One of his most prominent creations was a grease fitting known as "the zerk", a lubrication system which became the basis for those used on nearly every car, truck, plane, and other mechanized vehicle. At the time of his death in 1968, it was estimated that 20 billion of these fittings had been manufactured.
    During Oscar's long life, he patented 300 other inventions including leg-slimming hosiery, a weaving-machine, a braking system for street-cars, the first six-cylinder internal combustion engine, quick-freezing ice cube trays, spatterproof nail brushes, vibration-free camera tripods, oil well recovery systems, and refrigerators for cars. He is also credited with designing and patenting stamped metal wheels and wheel covers for automobiles (which, in the 1920s, replaced wire wheels). Additionally, he devised a type of non-skid brakes for cars.
    An intelligent, precocious child, Oscar attended a private school in Germany. While still in his teens, he devised an electrically operated textile machine controlled by a then-unheard of punch card system, that could weave complex brocades and do the work of 12 people. Returning to Austria to continue his schooling, he applied to the engineering and textile college at Bruenn. When he was turned down, and subsequent pleas to the ministry of education were rebuffed, he boldly
    appealed directly to the Austrian emperor, Franz Josef. Surprisingly, he was granted a private audience where the emperor was so impressed with Oscar's grasp of technology, he immediately decreed that the youth be admitted to the college.
    After graduating, Oscar went abroad in 1901. He spent four years in Bradford, England, a British textile center, where he developed and improved his weaving machine. He then returned to Austria for several years, where he turned his attention to the automobile. He designed the first six-cylinder motor car and later, a forerunner of the automatic transmission. Intent on studying an American-made car, the White Steamer, he came to the United States in 1907. He arrived at Ellis Island on 9 February 1907 on the ship "America" out of Cuxhaven.
    Following his next arrival in the U.S.A. in 1913, Oscar formed his own company in Cleveland, Ohio, to manufacture the first Zerk grease fittings. He lost control of his company already the same year. He was visiting Austria in 1914 when World War I broke out. He was called up for military service by his native land and served four years as an army captain, winning several decorations.
    When the war ended, he married an Austrian woman and returned to America.
    She and their young daughter joined him soon after. Oscar Zerk moved to Chicago and designed an even better lubrication system. Eventually, he sold the rights to this invention to a major automative parts maker and retained a relationship as a consulting engineer. Later, when he discovered serious management irregularities in that company, he led a much-publicized stockholders' revolt against the board of directors. When he won, "Time" magazine noted -- with admiration -- "Zerk is a man to be watched."
    In 1938, tired of working in downtown Chicago, Oscar sought a more rural setting, a place where he could live comfortably, indulging in his longtime passion for flowers and gardening. Also, during his years of traveling, he had collected artworks in Europe, mineral and natural science specimens thorughout America, and curios from around the world. He wanted a suitable home to house those treasures. Eventually, in 1939, Oscar chose a three-story mansion in Kenosha, Wisconsin -- "Dunmovin" -- which had been built years earlier by Kenosha industrialist, Henry Cooper. There, at his Cooper Road estate, Oscar would live for the rest of his life.
    Oscar virtually gutted the house and then remodeled it to his exacting specifications. Special care was given to exquisite decorating touches, such as quilted-satin wall coverings.
    Hidden fixtures, including emerald-hued spotlights, illuminated his eclectic collection which ranged from Hans Holbein etchings to dinosaur eggs and an elephant foot cuspidor. During
    World War II, he hosted formal garden parties, not only for a fascinated Kenosha society, but also for military personnel stationed at nearby bases. He also went to Washington during the war years in response to a request by the United States government to redesign his earlier gyroscopic movie tripod for use in aerial combat motion picture photography.
    In a 1963 interview, marking his 85th birthday, he was quoted as saying,
    "Inventors have a high responsibility to serve mankind by using their gifts." He kept right on inventing until shortly before his death at the age of 90.
    Oscar's four marriages were all to women much younger than himself. He married his first wife in 1919, when he was 41 and she only 18. That marriage ended in divorce in 1934. He married his second wife about 1944, when he was 65 and she only 23. After her death in childbirth in 1945, he married a third time. His new wife was 19 while he was close to 70. That marriage was annulled in a "messy case" that went all the way to the state Supreme Court.
    Finally, he was married -- this time happily -- to his fourth wife, Dorothy, 33 years his junior. He died on December 8, 1968, in Kenosha.  
    Gestorben 08 Dez 1968  Kenosha, Wisconsin, United States (USA) Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort 
    Personen-Kennung I10121 
    Zuletzt bearbeitet am 20 Jan 2011 

    Vater Bernhard Lazar Zerkowitz 
    Mutter Flora 
    Familien-Kennung F30665  Familienblatt

    Familie 1 Maria F. Bohrn,   geb. 1901, Wien, Wien, Österreich Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort 
    Verheiratet 1919  Wien, Wien, Österreich Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort 
    Geschieden 1934 
    Kinder 
     1. Lebend
    Zuletzt bearbeitet am 11 Jan 2011 
    Familien-Kennung F30671  Familienblatt

    Familie 2 Adele Zirk,   geb. 1921, Caldwell, New Jersey, United States (USA) Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort,   gest. 1945, Kenosha, Wisconsin, United States (USA) Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort  (Alter 24 Jahre) 
    Verheiratet 1944 
    Zuletzt bearbeitet am 11 Jan 2011 
    Familien-Kennung F30672  Familienblatt

    Familie 3 Lebend 
    Zuletzt bearbeitet am 11 Jan 2011 
    Familien-Kennung F30673  Familienblatt

    Familie 4 Dorothy Rynders,   geb. 07 Feb 1911, Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, United States (USA) Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort,   gest. 04 Dez 1995, Kenosha, Wisconsin, United States (USA) Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort  (Alter 83 Jahre) 
    Verheiratet 1954  Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States (USA) Suche alle Personen mit Ereignissen an diesem Ort 
    Zuletzt bearbeitet am 11 Jan 2011 
    Familien-Kennung F30674  Familienblatt

  • Ereignis-Karte
    Link zu Google MapsGeboren - 16 Mai 1878 - Wien, Wien, Österreich Link zu Google Earth
    Link zu Google MapsEmigration - von 1901 bis 1905 - Bradford, England, Großbritannien Link zu Google Earth
    Link zu Google MapsResidence - von 1905 bis 1913 - Wien, Wien, Österreich Link zu Google Earth
    Link zu Google MapsEmigration - via New York - von 31 Okt 1913 bis 1914 - Cleveland, Ohio, United States (USA) Link zu Google Earth
    Link zu Google MapsEvent - Kriegsdienst in der österreichischen Armee. - von 1914 bis 1918 - Wien, Wien, Österreich Link zu Google Earth
    Link zu Google MapsVerheiratet - 1919 - Wien, Wien, Österreich Link zu Google Earth
    Link zu Google MapsEmigration - Ankunft mit dem Schiff "Rotterdam". - 15 Sep 1920 - New York City, New York, United States (USA) Link zu Google Earth
    Link zu Google MapsResidence - 1921 - Cleveland, Ohio, United States (USA) Link zu Google Earth
    Link zu Google MapsResidence - nach 1921 bis 1938 - Chicago, Illinois, United States (USA) Link zu Google Earth
    Link zu Google MapsResidence - von 1939 bis 1968 - Cooper Road Estate, Kenosha, Wisconsin, United States (USA) Link zu Google Earth
    Link zu Google MapsVerheiratet - 1954 - Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States (USA) Link zu Google Earth
    Link zu Google MapsGestorben - 08 Dez 1968 - Kenosha, Wisconsin, United States (USA) Link zu Google Earth
     = Link zu Google Maps 
     = Link zu Google Earth 
    Pin-Bedeutungen  : Adresse       : Ortsteil       : Ort       : Region       : (Bundes-)Staat/-Land       : Land       : Nicht festgelegt

  • Fotos
    Oscar Ulysses Zerk
    Oscar Ulysses Zerk
    Oscar Ulysses Zerk

    Grabsteine
    Grab von Oscar Ulysses Zerk
    Grab von Oscar Ulysses Zerk
    Grab von Oscar Ulysses Zerk
    Kenosha, Wisconsin
    Grab von Oscar Ulysses Zerk
    Grab von Oscar Ulysses Zerk
    Grab von Oscar Ulysses Zerk
    Kenosha, Wisconsin
    Grab von Oscar Ulysses Zerk
    Grab von Oscar Ulysses Zerk
    Grab von Oscar Ulysses Zerk
    Green Ridge Cemetery, Kenosha, Wisconsin




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